VW Touran manuals

Volkswagen Touran Service Manual: Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

Cross-Section of a Radial Ply Tire

1 -  Tread Block
2 -  Tread Groove
3 -  Tread
4 -  Nylon Ply
5 -  Belt Layers
Consists mostly of steel
6 -  Bead Bundle
Consists of steel wires vulcanized into rubber
Make sure secure seating of the tire on the rim
7 -  Bead Filler
8 -  Wheel Flange Protection
Protects the rim and tire from abrasion due to, for example, contact with the curb.
Tires with flange protection are designated by the abbreviation MFS.

 
The nylon ply -4-, belts -5-, bead cores -6- and bead reinforcements -7- make up the carcass. The carcass is the "load-bearing structure" of the tire.
Overview - Radial Ply Tire
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Run-Flat Tire, Structure and Identification, SST Tire
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Other materials:

Volkswagen Touran Owners Manual. Optical parking system (OPS)
Fig. 144 OPS screen: Ⓐ obstacle detected in the monitored area behind the vehicle Ⓑ monitored area in front of the vehicle Fig. 145 OPS screen: Ⓐ obstacle detected in segment Ⓑ monitored area in front of the vehicle First read and observe the introductory information and safety wa ...

Volkswagen Touran Owners Manual. Filling the tank with natural gas
Fig. 170 In the driver door: tank flap release button Fig. 171 With the tank flap open: gas filler neck ①, gas filler neck seal ② First read and observe the introductory information and safety warnings Switch off the engine, ignition, mobile telephone and auxiliary heater before re ...

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