VW Touran manuals

Volkswagen Touran Service Manual: Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model

Volkswagen Touran Service Manual / Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning / Refrigerant Circuit, Detecting Leaks / Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model

  Note
This repair manual describes different methods for detecting leaks in the refrigerant circuit. These methods have been tested and result in success when used correctly.
If when searching for compressed air / Nitrogen or vacuum leaks none are found, add a leak detection additive i.e UV leak detection additive, to the electric leak detecting unit.
Minor leaks can be detected using an electronic leak detector or UV leak detector lamp.
Many methods for detecting leaks in the refrigerant circuit are offered in the open market. These methods do not always have optimum results. If they are not used exactly according to specifications, they can indicate refrigerant circuit components have leaks even when they do not. Also, refrigerant circuit components can be damaged by some methods.
Do not repair components with leaks. Replace them with new original parts.
Do not charge a leaking refrigerant circuit with refrigerant. Evacuate the circuit and check it for leaks before charging. Refer to → Chapter "Refrigerant Circuit with A/C Service Station, Draining".
  Caution
If it is suspected that chemicals were added to the refrigerant circuit to seal leaks, do not connect the A/C service station and do not extract the refrigerant.
Chemicals that seal leaks in the coolant circuit form deposits that affect the function of the A/C system and lead to failure of the A/C system and the A/C service station.
Inform that customer that there are substances in the A/C system that are no approved by Volkswagen. This A/C system cannot be drained or serviced in the workshop.
  Note
VW does not approve the use of chemicals to seal leaks in the refrigerant circuit.
Chemicals used to seal leaks in the refrigerant circuit often react with air and the moisture in it. They cause deposits in the refrigerant circuit and the A/C service station and malfunctions in valves and other components that they come in contact with. These deposits cannot be removed completely from the components, even by flushing.
Chemicals used to seal leaks in the refrigerant circuit usually cannot be detected from outside. The label that should be applied to identify it is often missing. Therefore be careful when working with if you do not know its service history.
Accessories offer containers used to separate out these chemicals (used to seal leaks in the refrigerant circuit). Because VW does not approve the use of these chemicals, there is no evidence of the effectiveness of these filters.
  Note
Small leaks can be detected using a UV-leak detection additive for example.
  Discharge the refrigerant circuit with the A/C service station. Refer to → Chapter "Refrigerant Circuit with A/C Service Station, Draining".
  Note
Be ready to evacuate a large leak should one be found. Refer to → Chapter "Refrigerant Circuit with A/C Service Station, Draining".
If no leak is found during evacuation or there is a leak that is so small that the location cannot be found, proceed as follows. Refer to → Chapter "Searching for Refrigerant Circuit Leaks with Compressed Air or Nitrogen".
Currents of air quickly disperse refrigerant gas. Draughts must therefore be avoided during leak detection.
If the refrigerant circuit is completely empty, fill with refrigerant to approximately 10% of the fill capacity (R134a label or vehicle-specific Repair Manual).
   
Leak Detection System -VAS6196-
or
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
Leak Detection System -VAS6201- or succeeding model
1 -  Leak Detection Kit - Hand Pump w/Cartridge -VAS6201/1-
2 -  Leak Detection Kit - Cartridge -VAS6201/2-
3 -  Leak Detection Kit - Cleaning Solution -VAS6201/3-
4 -  UV Leak Detection Lamp -VAS6201/4A-
5 -  Leak Detection Kit - Eye Protection -VAS6201/6-
6 -  Leak Detection Kit - Label -VAS6201/7-
7 -  Tube -VAS6201/8-
8 -  Leak Detection Kit - Hand Protection -VAS6201/9-
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
Filling with leak detection additive when the refrigerant circuit is empty
The cartridge -A- contains 15.4 ml of leak detection additive (one unit -B- corresponds to 2.5 ml).
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
  Assemble the Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A--1- with the cartridge -2-Leak Detection Kit - Cartridge -VAS6201/2-.
  Insert the Leak Detection Kit - Filler Tube -VAS6201/8- into the hand pump. Refer to → Anchor-7-
  Open the hand pump service valve.
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
Leak detection additive is best added to empty refrigerant circuit via opened connection.
  Open an easily accessible connection point on refrigerant circuit
  Cover area around connection point with foil or absorbent paper.
  Hold tube upwards.
  Tighten the toggle on the hand pump until the leak detection additive comes out of the tube.
  Add 2.5 +- 0.5 ml (milliliter = cm3) of leak detection additive to the refrigerant circuit.
  Note
If leak detection additive was already added to the refrigerant circuit for an earlier repair, note the following: Only add new leak detection additive if the refrigerant oil will be replaced. If only a portion of the refrigerant oil was replaced, only add a proportionate amount of the leak detection additive. For example, if 100 ml of refrigerant oil was replaced in a vehicle with 250 ml, add only 1 ml (cm3) of leak detection additive.
  Replace the O-rings on opened connection point.
  Assemble refrigerant circuit
  Apply a label near the service connection stating that leak detection additive was added to the refrigerant circuit.
  Evacuate and recharge refrigerant circuit according to specification. Refer to → Chapter "Refrigerant Circuit with A/C Service Station, Draining" and → Chapter "Refrigerant Circuit with A/C Service Station, Filling".
  Start the A/C system.
  Note
The A/C system must run for at least 60 minutes so the additive distributes itself through the entire refrigerant circuit. The compressor must be running. Depending on the size of the leak, it may become visible within that time.
  Find the leak in the refrigerant circuit with the UV lamp VAS6196/4. Refer to → Anchor.
  Note
Remove existing leak detection additive in the engine compartment or from the refrigerant circuit components using Leak Detection Kit - Cleaning Solution -VAS6201/3-.
Leak detection additive with filled refrigerant circuit, filling
  Note
If leak detection additive was already added to the refrigerant circuit for an earlier repair, note the following: Only add new leak detection additive if the refrigerant oil will be replaced. If only a portion of the refrigerant oil was replaced, only add a proportionate amount of the leak detection additive. For example, if 100 ml of refrigerant oil was replaced in a vehicle with 250 ml, add only 1 ml (cm3) of leak detection additive.
A small quantity of leak detection additive remains in the service connection. Carefully remove this residual amount so a leaking area is not detected erroneously upon a later leak detection.
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
The cartridge -A- contains 15.4 ml of leak detection additive (one unit -B- corresponds to 2.5 ml).
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
  Switch off ignition.
  Remove sealing cap from service connection of low pressure side in refrigerant circuit.
  Assemble the Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A--1- with the cartridge -2-Leak Detection Kit - Cartridge -VAS6201/2-.
  Note
Make sure the hand pump hose is completely filled with leak detection additive.
  Place the quick-release coupling on the low pressure side service connection and tighten the hand wheel to open the service coupling. Hold the hose upward and tighten the handle of the hand pump just enough until the leak detection additive starts to emerge from the tube.
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
  Cover area around service connection on vehicle with foil or absorbent paper.
  Tighten the toggle on the hand pump to add 2.5 +- 0.5 ml (milliliter = cm3) of leak detection additive to the refrigerant circuit.
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
  Close the service coupling and remove it from the service connection.
  Remove the rest of the leak detection additive from the service connection, for example with absorbent paper.
  Seal service connection with sealing cap.
  If necessary, clean area around service connection using cleaning agents.
  Place a label next to the service connection stating that leak detection additive was added to the refrigerant circuit.
  Start the A/C system.
  Note
The A/C system must run for at least 60 minutes so the additive distributes itself through the entire refrigerant circuit. The compressor must be running. Depending on the size of the leak, it may become visible within that time.
  Find the leak in the refrigerant circuit with the UV lamp VAS6196/4. Refer to → Anchor.
  Note
Remove existing leak detection additive in the engine compartment or from the refrigerant circuit components using Leak Detection Kit - Cleaning Solution -VAS6201/3-.
Detecting leaks in the refrigerant circuit using the UV Lamp VAS6196/4
  WARNING
Do not look into the UV lamp.
Do not direct UV lamp at other people.
  Note
The A/C system must run for at least 60 minutes so the additive distributes itself through the entire refrigerant circuit. The compressor must be running. Depending on the size of the leak, it may become visible within that time.
With leaks on evaporator, leak detection additive is possibly washed off with condensation and flows out via evaporator drain. Since the evaporator is not easily accessible on most vehicles, checking the evaporator drain may indicate if the evaporator is leaking. However, it is necessary for this purpose that leak detection additive has already been in the refrigerant circuit for a long period of time.
Protective goggles do not only serve as eye protection but also amplify the illumination of leak detection additive under UV light.
Depending on the accessibility of different components in the refrigerant circuit, it may be necessary to remove some vehicle components such as the bumper or air filter.
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
  Move vehicle into a slightly darker area of the workshop (with daylight or bright lighting the effect of the UV light is diminished).
  Check the accessibility of the various components in the refrigerant circuit and remove any components in the area that block access to the refrigerant circuit such as noise insulation and the bumper.
  Wear protective eyewear to protect the eyes.
  Connect the UV-lamp to a 12 volt battery (vehicle battery). Observe the correct polarity of connections.
  Switch on the UV lamp and illuminate the components of refrigerant circuit. Locations where refrigerant, refrigerant oil and leak detection additive has leaked out light up under fluorescent UV light.
  Note
The leak detection additive can remain in the refrigerant circuit.
Remove existing leak detection additive in the engine compartment or from the refrigerant circuit components using Leak Detection Kit - Cleaning Solution -VAS6201/3-.
  Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Leak Detection System -VAS6196- or Leak Detection Kit -VAS6201A- or Succeeding Model
Refrigerant Circuit, Tracing Leaks, with Electronic Leak Detector -VAG1796
  Note This repair manual describes different methods for detecting leaks in the refrigerant circuit. These methods have been tested and result in ...

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